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提问:   提问时间:2011-09-07 15:31:54

怎样记忆不规划动词?


解答:   解答时间:2011-09-07 15:31:54 提问状态:已解决

        英语动词按其过去式和过去分词的构成方式可分为规则动词和不规则动词。规则动词的过去式和过去分词由词尾加ed构成,而不规则动词的变化因词而异。但如对不规则动词的过去式和过去分词做一分析,就可发现其中的“规则”。为方便同学们记忆,现将初中英语教学大纲中的69个不规则动词的原形、过去式和过去分词列出并规为五种类型。同学们还可将第二、三类分为若干组,以便准确记忆。

 

一、AAA型(原形、过去式和过去分词同形):

cost cost cost

cut cut cut

let let let

put put put

read read read
 

二、ABB型(过去式与过去分词同形):

bring    brought    brought

build built built

buy bought bought

catch caught caught

dig dug dug

feel felt felt

find found found

get got got

have had had 

hear heard heard

hold held held

keep kept kept

※learn learnt learnt

leave left left

lend lent lent

make made made

meet met met

pay paid paid

say said said

sell sold sold

send sent sent

shine shone shone

sit sat sat

sleep slept slept

※smell smelt smelt

spend spent spent

stand stood stood

teach taught taught

tell told told

think thought thought

understand understood

understood

 

三、ABC型(原形、过去式和过去分词各异):

be was/were been

begin began begun

blow blew blown

break broke broken

do did done

draw drew drawn

drink drank drunk

drive drove driven

eat ate eaten

fall fell fallen

fly flew flown

forget forgot forgotten

give gave given

go went gone

grow grew grown

know knew known

lie lay lain

ride rode ridden

ring rang rung

see saw seen

show showed shown

sing sang sung

speak spoke spoken

swim swam swum

take took taken

throw threw thrown

wake woke woken

wear wore worn

write wrote written

 

四、ABA型(原形与过去分词同形):

become became become

come came come

 

五、AAB型(原形与过去式同形):

 

beat beat beaten

 

(注:带※号的词也可视为规则动词。)

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